Techniques used in egg donation:
Egg Development -
During a menstrual cycle usually only one egg matures, although it is possible to donate this one egg, it is better to give egg donors drugs to produce more eggs. Egg development is monitored by ultrasound. Hormone levels in the blood are sometimes measured at the same time. This will involve attending the Unit quite regularly for appointments over a six week timescale.
Egg Collection -
Eggs are collected using a needle guided by ultrasound. The procedure is performed with a mild sedative and intravenous pain relief. The needle is passed through the vagina and each egg is removed in turn.
What are the risks involved in egg donation?
The risks and possible side effects from the drugs used to increase the number of eggs produced include hot flushes, headaches and sleepiness. More serious, but less common, risks include ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrom which causes fluid retention, abdominal discomfort, nausea and vomiting. There are also risks of bowel and bladder injury. The risk of infection is low; however, there is a low risk of pelvic infection and abscess.